Information Literacy Lessons

Research Calculator - Step 2: GATHER

Finding Info - Evaluating Info - Using Computers to Find Info - Recording & Citing Info


Finding Information

Lesson: Selecting the Right Source
Students will be able to choose appropriate information resources (e.g. people, places) and appropriate reference sources (e.g. dictionaries, indexes) to find useful information.

Lesson: Identify Key Words, Synonyms, Key Phrases
Students will be able to identify key words and phrases in their questions and generate synonyms when necessary.

Lesson: Flow of Information
Students will understand that information takes a linear path, from the time an event/social movement/discovery first occurs until it is disseminated in different forms and identify the types of sources they need to consult.

Lesson: Scanning
Students will know the purpose of scanning. They will be able to locate specific facts, key words, or phrases within a text. They will know to use the organizational tools such as a table of contents and index.

Lesson: Skimming
Students will know how and why to skim textual material. They will identify the main ideas of a text by reading first and last paragraphs, topic sentences, and noting other organizational clues such as title, type, captions, etc.

Lesson: Highlighting
Students will be able to identify key phrases in an article. They will be able to discriminate between information which answers their research questions and information which is simply interesting.

Lesson: Scanning for Visual Details
Students will be able to locate visual details within images. They will be able to look at an image's larger context to gain insights into the meaning of visual details. They will be able use captions to locate and identify meaning.

Worksheet: Bookmark with Primary Sources
This can be used as a worksheet or bookmark to remind students of over thirty possible sources for finding information.


Evaluating Information

Lesson: Determining Relevancy
Students will learn skills for evaluating information they retrieve from searching book catalogs, article indexes, and web search tools in order to ascertain if they are useful to answer their research question.

Lesson: Determining Authority and Accuracy
Students will know that they must identify the author (person or organization), evaluate the expertise of the author, and determine if they feel the source is trustworthy and accurate.

Lesson: Determining Point of View
Students will learn to determine point of view or bias of an information source in order to better evaluate the accuracy and usefulness of the information. They will be able to identify inherent biases or limitations.

Lesson: Determining Currency
Students will know to always check the date the information they are using was produced. They will understand that subjects or fields of inquiry that are rapidly changing require the most current information.

Lesson: Framing and Point of View
Students will recognize the three types of photo shots: close-up, medium, and long. They will understand that framing affects meaning: details in close-ups, relationships in medium shots, and context in long shots.

Lesson: The Function of Images in Text
Students will be able to recognize that images can have different functions in a text. They will be able to understand that the same image can function in more than one way depending on context.

Lesson: Images as Persuasion
Students will be able to understand that images can function as a means of persuasion.

Lesson: Scholarly Journals vs. Popular Magazines
This is a PowerPoint presentation designed to teach the difference between journals and magazines.


Using Computers to Find Information

Lesson: Searching Specialized Databases - The Invisible Web
Students will learn about valuable information available from specialized databases that can not be retrieved from searching general search engines. They will learn how to think critically about searching for information.

Lesson: Boolean Operators
Students will know the definition of Boolean logic and Boolean operators. They will be able to use Boolean operators to connect key ideas and conduct searches.

Lesson: Creating an Effective Search Statement
Students will be able to identify the keywords/phrases of their topics. They will be able to create a search statement using Boolean operators to connect elements of their topics.

Lesson: Online Search Techniques: Six Keys to Success
Students will be aware of basic and advanced searches and when to use them. They will be able to use Boolean operators and search by exact phrase. They will understand how to use truncation and limits to change their results.

Lesson: General Web Search Tools
Students will know the definitions of the three major web search tools: search engine, directory and metasearch engine. They will be able to distinguish when to use these different tools.

Lesson: Evaluating General Web Search Tools: Which are Best?
Students will understand and differentiate between general and subject-specific search engines/directories. They will be able to critically evaluate the best tool for their search needs.

Lesson: Understanding URLs
Students will learn the different domain suffixes (.org, .com, .gov, etc.), the organizations represented by each, and evaluate websites for relevancy, authority, accuracy, and point of view.

Lesson: Evaluating Websites
Students will be able to use a critical eye when looking at a website. They will be able to identify the purpose of a website and be able to define criteria for looking critically at a website.

Worksheet: Evaluating Internet Resources
Covers how to evaluate authority, accuracy, objectivity, currency, and usability. Provides links to twelve internet evaluation websites.

Lesson: Choosing Best Results/Hits
Students will be able to identify the best hits/results by reading the title, description, and web address on a results page. They will be able to defend their choice when asked about their choices.

Lesson: Locating Images
Students will be able to effectively search for images using Google. They will be able to distinguish between relevant and irrelevant images, refine the search, copy images into a Word document, and cite appropriate sources.


Recording and Citing Info

Worksheet: Source Notes
These worksheets provide guidelines for students to record citation information as well as their notes, data, interpretation, hypothesis, analysis, thoughts, ideas, and concerns.

Reference Materials